New Delhi: The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved Phase II of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) [SBM (G)] till 2024-25, which will focus on Open Defecation Free Plus (ODF Plus), which includes ODF sustainability, and solid and liquid waste management (SLWM). The program will also work towards ensuring that no one is left behind and everyone uses a toilet.
SBM (G) Phase-II will also be implemented from 2020-21 to 2024-25 in mission mode with a total outlay of Rs. 1,40,881 crores. This will be a novel model of convergence between different verticals of financing. Of this outlay, Rs. 52,497 crore will be allocated from the budget of Dept. of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS) while the remaining amount will be dovetailed from the funds being released under the 15th Finance Commission, MGNREGS. and revenue generation models particularly for solid and liquid waste management.
Under the program, provision for incentive of Rs. 12,000 for the construction of Individual Household Toilet (IHHL) to newly emerging eligible households as per the existing norms will continue. Funding norms for solid and liquid waste management have been rationalized and changed to per capita basis in place of no. of households. Additionally, financial assistance to the Gram Panchayats (GPs) for construction of community managed sanitary complexes (CMSC) at village level has been increased from Rs. 2 lakh to Rs. 3 lakh per CMSC.
The program will be implemented by states & UTs as per operational guidelines which will be issued shortly. For all components, the fund sharing pattern between Centre and states will be 90:10 for North-Eastern states and Himalayan states and UT of J&K; 60:40 for other states; and 100:0 for other Union Territories.
The SLWM component of ODF Plus will be monitored on the basis of output-outcome indicators for four key areas: plastic waste management, bio-degradable solid waste management (including animal waste management), greywater management and fecal sludge management.
The SBM-G Phase II will continue to generate employment and provide impetus to the rural economy through construction of household toilets and community toilets, as well as infrastructure for SLWM such as compost pits, soak pits, waste stabilisation ponds, material recovery facilities etc.
The rural sanitation coverage in the country at the time of launch of SBM (G) on 2 October 2014 was reported as 38.7%. More than 10 crore individual toilets have been constructed since the launch of the mission; as a result, rural areas in all states have declared themselves open defecation free as on 2 October 2019.
The Department of Drinking Water & Sanitation (DDWS) has, however, advised all states to reconfirm that there are no rural households that still don’t have access to a toilet, and provide the necessary support to any such identified households to build individual household toilets in order to ensure that no one is left behind under the programme.
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